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4 Indoor Air Pollutants

4 Indoor Air Pollutants You Can Eliminate From Your Home.

Air circulating through your home may contain potentially harmful pollutants, including dust, mold, pet dander and chemicals. The pollutants continually flow through the house as the heating and ventilation system pushes air through the vents. Constant exposure to the pollutants can lead to the development of serious health problems. Without indoor air quality control systems, like HVAC furnace filters, the resulting health condition symptoms and complications often continue to worsen. Read on to learn more about the most dangerous indoor air pollutants - and what you can do to maintain high air quality standards in your home.

  • Dust – Dust flowing through the air largely remains invisible until it starts to accumulate on top of the flat surfaces in your home. While dust flies, visually undetected, through the air, however, it is rapidly wreaking havoc on the respiratory systems of the people in your home. Since dust contains mold particles, pollen and dander, it acts as an asthma and allergy trigger. With constant exposure to a large amount of dust in the air, asthma attacks or serious allergic reactions could occur.
  • Mold – Mold regularly releases spores in the air as a way to continue growing throughout its current environment. The microscopic spores float through the air until they are caught by a filter or inhaled into your lungs. With regular contact, the mold spores can cause an allergic reaction, lung infections or other serious health effects. Since these spores stubbornly remain in the air space, you must continually process the air through a filter long after eliminating the main source of the mold.
  • Pet Dander – Despite popular belief, fur from pets does not actually cause an allergic reaction in susceptible individuals. Instead, the true allergen is actually dander, or microscopic skin flakes, which is constantly shed off the animal. Dander is so small and light that it can remain floating in the air for extended periods of time. Therefore, you must use a filter system to pull dander out of the air to keep from inhaling it each day.
  • Chemicals – The building materials used throughout your home are constantly emitting volatile organic compounds, or VOCs. These chemical particles drastically affect the air quality. In some cases, you can even smell the presence of high VOC concentrations in the air. Most times, however, the chemicals remain odorless and undetectable. Regular exposure to these chemicals can cause eye, throat and lung irritation. Extensive, prolonged exposure to the volatile organic compounds is closely linked with organ damage as well.
  • How to fight indoor Air Pollution?
  • Your first line of defense against the presence of indoor air pollutants are furnace air filters. The filters continually pull dust, dander and debris out of your home before pushing the clean, temperature-regulated air back through the system. The trapped contaminants slowly build up in the filter element and begin to block the air flowing between the fibers. For maximum efficiency, plan to have your filters replaced every thirty to ninety days, depending on your furnace manufacturer's recommendations and peak season requirements.

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